Albumin In Urine 2: Understanding Its Causes And Treatment

Urine Analysis Part 12 Urine Albumin (24 hrs) or (24 hours protein


Albumin in urine, also known as albuminuria, is a condition where the protein albumin is present in the urine. This condition can be a sign of kidney damage or disease. This article will discuss the causes and treatment of albuminuria.

Causes of Albuminuria

There are several causes of albuminuria, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and kidney disease. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, causing them to leak albumin into the urine. Diabetes can also damage the kidneys and cause albuminuria. Kidney disease can result in albuminuria due to the kidneys not functioning properly.

Symptoms of Albuminuria

Albuminuria does not usually cause any symptoms in the early stages. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms may include swelling in the feet, ankles, or legs, foamy urine, and fatigue.

Diagnosis of Albuminuria

Albuminuria can be diagnosed through a urine test. A small sample of urine is collected and tested for the presence of albumin. If albumin is present, further tests may be done to determine the cause.

Treatment of Albuminuria

The treatment of albuminuria depends on the underlying cause. If high blood pressure is the cause, medications may be prescribed to lower it. If diabetes is the cause, controlling blood sugar levels may help. If kidney disease is the cause, treatment may include medications and lifestyle changes to slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention of Albuminuria

Preventing albuminuria involves managing the underlying conditions that can cause it. This includes controlling blood pressure and blood sugar levels, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking.

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Albuminuria

Along with medical treatment, lifestyle changes can help manage albuminuria. These include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding alcohol and drugs that can damage the kidneys.


Albuminuria is a condition that can be a sign of kidney damage or disease. It is important to seek medical attention if you have symptoms of albuminuria or if you have a condition that can cause it. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, albuminuria can be managed and its progression can be slowed.