Boiling point is an essential characteristic of any chemical substance. It is the temperature at which a liquid turns into a gas, and it varies depending on the chemical composition of the substance. In this article, we will discuss the boiling points of all chemicals in detail.
What is Boiling Point?
Boiling point is defined as the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals the atmospheric pressure. It is a critical characteristic of any chemical substance as it determines its state at a particular temperature and pressure.
Factors Affecting Boiling Point
The boiling point of a chemical substance is influenced by various factors such as molecular weight, intermolecular forces, and atmospheric pressure. The higher the molecular weight and intermolecular forces, the higher the boiling point.
Types of Boiling Points
There are two types of boiling points: normal boiling point and the boiling point under reduced pressure. Normal boiling point is the temperature at which a liquid boils at atmospheric pressure. The boiling point under reduced pressure is the temperature at which a liquid boils when the pressure is lowered below atmospheric pressure.
List of Chemicals and Their Boiling Points
Here is a comprehensive list of chemicals and their boiling points:
Acetic acid: 118.1°C
Carbon dioxide: -78.5°C
Diethyl ether: 34.6°C
Formic acid: 100.8°C
The boiling point of a substance is an important characteristic that determines its state at a particular temperature and pressure. In this article, we have discussed the boiling points of various chemicals. It is essential to understand the boiling points of chemicals for various applications such as chemical synthesis, distillation, and purification.