Bromic acid is a chemical compound that belongs to the class of oxoacids. It is an inorganic compound that contains the element bromine, hydrogen, and oxygen. In this article, we will discuss the chemical formula for bromic acid, its properties, and its uses.
The chemical formula for bromic acid is HBrO3. It is a strong acid that dissociates in water to produce hydrogen ions (H+) and bromate ions (BrO3-). The structure of bromic acid is similar to that of chloric acid (HClO3) and periodic acid (HIO4).
Bromic acid is a colorless and odorless crystalline solid that is highly soluble in water. It is a strong oxidizing agent and can react violently with reducing agents. It is also a strong acid and can corrode metals and dissolve organic materials. Bromic acid is unstable and decomposes at high temperatures to form bromine, oxygen, and water.
Bromic acid is mainly used in the production of bromates, which are used as oxidizing agents in various industries. It is also used in the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, dyes, and pigments. Bromic acid is used in the production of flame retardants and in the treatment of water and wastewater.
Bromic acid is a hazardous substance that can cause severe burns and eye damage. It is also toxic if ingested or inhaled. Proper safety precautions must be taken when handling bromic acid, such as wearing protective clothing, gloves, and goggles. It should be stored in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area away from incompatible materials.
In conclusion, bromic acid is an important chemical compound that has various uses in different industries. Its chemical formula is HBrO3, and it is a strong oxidizing agent and acid. However, it is a hazardous substance that requires proper safety precautions when handling.