Combustion Reaction Of Benzoic Acid Explained

Benzyl alcohol to benzoic acid changeSchmidt reactionHVZ reaction

What is Benzoic Acid?

Benzoic acid is a white, crystalline organic acid that is commonly used as a food preservative. It is also used in the manufacture of various other products, including pharmaceuticals, dyes, and insecticides.

What is Combustion Reaction?

Combustion reaction is a type of chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with oxygen to produce heat and light. This reaction is also known as burning.

The Combustion Reaction of Benzoic Acid

When benzoic acid is burnt, it undergoes a combustion reaction in which it reacts with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water vapor. The chemical equation for the combustion reaction of benzoic acid is:

C7H6O2 + 15/2 O2 → 7 CO2 + 3 H2O

How Does the Reaction Occur?

During the combustion reaction of benzoic acid, the heat and energy produced by the reaction break the carbon-hydrogen and carbon-oxygen bonds in the benzoic acid molecule. This releases carbon dioxide and water vapor as by-products.

The reaction occurs in the presence of a catalyst, which is typically a metal oxide such as copper oxide or manganese dioxide. The catalyst helps to lower the activation energy required for the reaction to occur, making it easier for the reaction to take place.

The Importance of Combustion Reaction of Benzoic Acid

Understanding the combustion reaction of benzoic acid is important for a number of reasons. Firstly, it is a fundamental chemical reaction that is used in many different industries, including the pharmaceutical, chemical, and food industries. Secondly, it helps to explain the behavior of benzoic acid under different conditions, such as high temperatures and pressures. Finally, it provides insight into the chemical properties of benzoic acid, which can be used to develop new products and applications.


The combustion reaction of benzoic acid is an important chemical reaction that has many practical applications. By understanding how this reaction occurs, scientists and engineers can develop new products, improve existing processes, and create more efficient and effective solutions to a wide range of problems.