Cross browser testing is an essential part of software testing. It is the process of testing a website or web application on different browsers to ensure that it works as expected on all of them. One of the most popular tools for cross browser testing is Selenium Webdriver. In this article, we will discuss some tips and tricks for performing cross browser testing using Selenium Webdriver.
Why Cross Browser Testing is Important?
There are many different web browsers and each browser has its own unique features and capabilities. Cross browser testing is important because it ensures that your website or web application is compatible with all browsers. It also helps to identify and fix any issues that may arise due to browser compatibility.
How to Perform Cross Browser Testing in Selenium Webdriver?
To perform cross browser testing in Selenium Webdriver, you need to follow a few steps:
Step 1: Install Required Browsers
First, you need to install the browsers that you want to test on. Some of the popular browsers include Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Safari, and Opera.
Step 2: Install Selenium Webdriver
Next, you need to install Selenium Webdriver. You can download it from the official Selenium website.
Step 3: Write Test Scripts
Once you have installed the browsers and Selenium Webdriver, you need to write test scripts. Test scripts are written in programming languages such as Java, Python, or Ruby.
Step 4: Run Test Scripts on Different Browsers
Finally, you can run the test scripts on different browsers to ensure that your website or web application works as expected on all of them.
Tips and Tricks for Cross Browser Testing in Selenium Webdriver
Here are some tips and tricks for performing cross browser testing using Selenium Webdriver:
Tip 1: Use BrowserStack or Sauce Labs
BrowserStack and Sauce Labs are two popular cloud-based testing platforms that allow you to perform cross browser testing on multiple browsers and operating systems. They provide a large number of real browsers and devices that can be used to test your website or web application.
Tip 2: Use Page Object Model (POM)
Page Object Model (POM) is a design pattern that is widely used in Selenium Webdriver. It provides a way to organize your test scripts by separating the page elements from the test logic. This makes it easier to maintain and update your test scripts.
Tip 3: Use Explicit Waits
Explicit waits are a way to pause the execution of your test script until a certain condition is met. This can be useful when testing web pages that have dynamic content or when waiting for an element to become visible.
Tip 4: Use Headless Browsers
Headless browsers are browsers that do not have a graphical user interface. They can be used to perform automated testing without the need for a physical display. This can be useful when testing on a large number of browsers or when testing on a remote server.
Cross browser testing is an important part of software testing. It ensures that your website or web application works as expected on all browsers. Selenium Webdriver is a popular tool for performing cross browser testing. By following the tips and tricks discussed in this article, you can improve your cross browser testing skills and become a better software tester.