Ear Wax: How Is It Formed?

Your Earwax Can Tell How Healthy You Are. What Color Is Yours? Ear


Ear wax, also known as cerumen, is a natural substance produced by the ear canal. Many people consider ear wax to be a nuisance, but it actually plays an important role in protecting the ear from infection and foreign objects.

What is Ear Wax?

Ear wax is a mixture of secretions from the sebaceous and ceruminous glands in the ear canal. It is made up of dead skin cells, hair, and other debris that get trapped in the ear canal. The wax is usually a yellowish-brown color and has a waxy texture.

How is it Formed?

Ear wax is formed when the glands in the ear canal produce a sticky substance that traps dirt, dust, and other debris. As the wax builds up, it can become hard and compacted, making it difficult to remove.

Why Do We Have Ear Wax?

Ear wax serves several important functions. It helps to lubricate and protect the ear canal from infection and irritation. It also helps to trap foreign objects, such as dust and bacteria, before they can enter the inner ear.

The Types of Ear Wax

There are two main types of ear wax: wet and dry. Wet ear wax is more common in Asian and Native American populations, while dry ear wax is more common in people of European descent.

Wet Ear Wax

Wet ear wax is soft and sticky, and it tends to be darker in color. It is also more likely to have a strong odor. People with wet ear wax may need to clean their ears more frequently to prevent buildup.

Dry Ear Wax

Dry ear wax is hard and flaky, and it tends to be lighter in color. It is less likely to have an odor. People with dry ear wax may be more prone to ear infections, as the wax can become impacted and block the ear canal.

How to Clean Your Ears

It is important to clean your ears regularly to prevent buildup of ear wax. However, it is also important to avoid using cotton swabs or other objects that can push the wax further into the ear canal.

Ear Drops

One way to soften ear wax and make it easier to remove is to use ear drops. These drops contain a solution that helps to break down the wax and make it easier to remove.

Ear Irrigation

Another method for removing ear wax is ear irrigation. This involves flushing the ear canal with water or a saline solution to remove the wax.

Ear Candling

Ear candling is a controversial practice that involves placing a hollow candle in the ear canal and lighting it. Proponents of ear candling claim that it can remove ear wax and improve overall health, but there is little scientific evidence to support these claims.


Ear wax may be a nuisance, but it is an important part of the ear’s natural defense system. By understanding how ear wax is formed and how to clean your ears safely, you can help to prevent ear infections and maintain good ear health.