Esters are a group of organic compounds that are widely used in various industries. They are characterized by their sweet fruity smell and are commonly used as flavorings, fragrances, and solvents. Esters can be synthesized by reacting an alcohol with a carboxylic acid. In this article, we will discuss how to name esters that contain a benzene ring.
What is a Benzene Ring?
Benzene is a six-carbon ring with alternating double bonds. It is a very stable aromatic compound that is commonly found in many organic compounds. Benzene rings are often used in the synthesis of drugs, dyes, and plastics.
How to Name Esters with Benzene Ring
The naming of esters with benzene ring follows the same rules as naming other esters. The first part of the name comes from the alcohol and the second part comes from the carboxylic acid. In the case of esters with benzene ring, the benzene ring is considered as a substituent. For example, let’s consider the following ester: This ester is formed by the reaction between acetic acid (CH3COOH) and phenol (C6H5OH). The first part of the name comes from the alcohol, which is phenol. The second part comes from the carboxylic acid, which is acetic acid. The benzene ring is considered as a substituent and is named as phenyl. Therefore, the name of this ester is phenyl acetate.
Common Esters with Benzene Ring
Some of the common esters with benzene ring are:
- Benzyl acetate
- Phenyl propionate
- Benzyl benzoate
- Methyl salicylate
Esters with benzene ring are widely used in various industries. Naming these esters is not difficult if you follow the rules. The first part of the name comes from the alcohol, the second part comes from the carboxylic acid, and the benzene ring is considered as a substituent. By following these rules, you can easily name any ester with benzene ring.