How Toxic Is Borax To Humans?

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Borax, also known as sodium borate, is a naturally occurring mineral commonly used in household cleaning products, pesticides, and as a food additive. However, there has been growing concern about the potential toxic effects of borax on human health.

What is Borax?

Borax is a white, crystalline powder that is mined from the earth. It is composed of boron, sodium, and oxygen, and has a wide range of industrial and household uses. Borax is commonly used in laundry detergents, as a pesticide, and as a food preservative.

Is Borax Toxic?

The toxicity of borax depends on the amount and frequency of exposure. In small doses, borax is generally considered safe for humans. However, exposure to large amounts of borax can be toxic and may cause a range of health problems.

Health Effects of Borax Exposure

Exposure to high levels of borax can cause a range of health effects, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin irritation, and respiratory problems. In extreme cases, exposure to borax can lead to kidney damage, seizures, and even death.

Borax and Children

Children are particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of borax. Ingestion of borax can cause serious health problems in children, including developmental delays, reproductive problems, and even death. Parents should take special care when using borax in the home to prevent accidental ingestion by children.

Safe Use of Borax

To minimize the risk of exposure to borax, it is important to use the substance safely and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Always wear gloves and protective clothing when handling borax, and avoid breathing in the dust. Store borax in a secure location away from children and pets.

Alternatives to Borax

If you are concerned about the potential health effects of borax, there are a number of safer alternatives available. These include vinegar, baking soda, and hydrogen peroxide, which can be used as natural cleaning agents in the home.


While borax has a wide range of industrial and household uses, it is important to be aware of the potential health effects of exposure to the substance. By using borax safely and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, and by exploring alternative cleaning agents, you can minimize the risks to your health and the health of your family.