Physical And Chemical Properties Of Mercury

mercury Definition, Uses, Density, & Facts Britannica


Mercury is a heavy, silver-white, toxic metallic element that is liquid at room temperature. This element is commonly used in thermometers, barometers, and other scientific instruments. In this article, we will discuss the physical and chemical properties of mercury.

Physical Properties

Mercury has unique physical properties that make it stand out among other elements. Here are some of the physical properties of mercury:

Melting and Boiling Points

Mercury has a low melting point of -38.83°C and a boiling point of 356.73°C. This means that it is liquid at room temperature and evaporates easily.


Mercury is a dense element with a specific gravity of 13.5. It is 13.5 times denser than water.


Mercury is a silver-white metallic element that has a shiny appearance. It is often used in jewelry and other decorative items.

Chemical Properties

Mercury is chemically reactive and can form compounds with other elements. Here are some of the chemical properties of mercury:


Mercury is a highly reactive element that can react with other elements to form compounds. It can react with oxygen to form mercuric oxide and with sulfur to form mercuric sulfide.


Mercury is a highly toxic element that can cause severe health problems when ingested or inhaled. It is important to handle mercury carefully to avoid exposure.


Mercury can corrode metals and cause damage to equipment. It is important to store mercury in a proper container to avoid contamination.


In conclusion, mercury is a unique element with distinct physical and chemical properties. It is an important element in scientific instruments but must be handled with care due to its toxicity. By understanding the properties of mercury, we can safely use it in various applications.