Chemical Formula For Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium Hypochlorite, Technical, Solution, Fisher Chemical™ Other


Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound that has widespread use in various industries. It is commonly used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent because of its strong oxidizing properties. The chemical formula for sodium hypochlorite is NaClO, which is a combination of sodium, chlorine, and oxygen atoms.

Composition and Properties

Sodium hypochlorite is a pale yellow-green liquid that has a strong odor similar to chlorine. It is highly soluble in water and can be easily dissolved. The composition of sodium hypochlorite includes sodium, chlorine, and oxygen atoms, which are bonded together to form the compound. The chemical formula for sodium hypochlorite is NaClO, where Na represents sodium, Cl represents chlorine, and O represents oxygen.

Uses of Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium hypochlorite has numerous uses in various industries. One of its main applications is as a disinfectant. It is commonly used in water treatment plants to disinfect water and kill harmful bacteria and viruses. It is also used as a bleaching agent in the textile and paper industries. Sodium hypochlorite can also be used as a chemical reagent in various chemical reactions.

Preparation of Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium hypochlorite is prepared by a process called electrolysis. In this process, a solution of saltwater is passed through an electrolytic cell, which separates the sodium and chlorine ions. The chlorine ions are then oxidized to form hypochlorite ions, which combine with the sodium ions to form sodium hypochlorite.

Handling and Storage

Sodium hypochlorite is a highly reactive and corrosive substance. It should be handled with care and stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. It should also be kept away from other chemicals and materials that may react with it. Protective gear, such as gloves and goggles, should be worn when handling sodium hypochlorite.

Health and Safety

Sodium hypochlorite can be harmful to human health if ingested or inhaled. It can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. In case of contact with the skin, it should be washed off immediately with water. In case of ingestion, medical attention should be sought immediately.


Sodium hypochlorite is a widely used chemical compound that has numerous applications in various industries. Its chemical formula is NaClO, which is a combination of sodium, chlorine, and oxygen atoms. It is highly reactive and corrosive and should be handled with care. Its uses range from water treatment to bleaching agents and chemical reagents.