When Did Chemistry Become A Science?

Syllabus for CHEMISTRY 10 CP McDavitt 1920 2(F) 5(C,E) 6(B,G)

Chemistry has been around for centuries, but when did it become an established science? The answer is not as straightforward as you might think. In this article, we will take a closer look at the history of chemistry and explore when it truly became a science.

Early History

The roots of chemistry can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Greece, and China. These early chemists were primarily interested in developing practical skills such as metalworking, pottery, and medicine. They believed that everything in the universe was composed of four elements: earth, air, fire, and water. It wasn’t until the 16th century that chemistry began to take on a more scientific approach. The work of alchemists such as Paracelsus and Robert Boyle paved the way for the development of modern chemistry.

The Scientific Revolution

The 17th and 18th centuries saw a major shift in the way people thought about science. The scientific revolution, as it is known, brought about a new emphasis on observation, experimentation, and the scientific method. During this time, chemists began to develop more sophisticated tools and techniques for studying chemical reactions. They also began to develop a more detailed understanding of chemical elements and compounds.

The Age of Enlightenment

The 18th century was a time of great intellectual and cultural change. Known as the Age of Enlightenment, this era saw a renewed interest in reason, logic, and scientific inquiry. Chemistry played a major role in this movement, with scientists such as Antoine Lavoisier making groundbreaking discoveries about the nature of matter and chemical reactions.

Modern Chemistry

By the 19th century, chemistry had become an established science with its own set of theories and principles. Chemists had developed a much deeper understanding of the structure and behavior of atoms and molecules. Today, chemistry continues to be a vital field of scientific inquiry. It plays a critical role in fields as diverse as medicine, materials science, and environmental studies.


So, when did chemistry become a science? The answer is that it was a gradual process that took place over many centuries. From the ancient alchemists to the modern chemists of today, the study of chemistry has been shaped by countless individuals and discoveries. While the exact date when chemistry became a science may be difficult to pinpoint, one thing is clear – the field of chemistry has come a long way since its early beginnings.